How to look helminths in man photo

Types of worms that attack the internal organs of man are called worms (worms). According to statistics, to date, worm infestations exposed to about 30% of the entire population. Tormented by the body of the worms are able to hit any part of the body. It is dangerous not only diseases that can cause helminths. Their presence in the body can be fatal.

worms in the human body

To date, helminthiasis completely treat not only drug drugs, but also folk remedies. For each species has its own ways of treatment. So, it is worth it to know and understand what are the types of worms, symptoms, to take timely measures.

Classification helminthiasys

Worms-parasites are divided into two large groups: digestive and metabolic.

The first species lives right in the gut. To this group belongs:

  • ascaris and pinworms;
  • hookworm and giardia;
  • vlasoglavy and dwarf tapeworm;
  • bullish tapeworm and broad tapeworm;
  • the pig tapeworm.

Cloth the worms can settle in any organ of the human body and repine over the years. These include:

  • cysticerci larvae, and liver flukes;
  • Trichinella and liver Dens;
  • Echinococcus and alveolar.


They are quite frequent and complex types of worms live in the small intestine of an adult or child's body. Assault this kind of worming bears the name of ascariasis.

Before that, how to get to the small intestine, roundworm doing a trip throughout the body of the organism. After the attack the larvae of the individuals penetrate into the bloodstream, and then along with the blood gets into the lungs, where they Mature.

In the first days of the disease the person begins to feel nausea, nervousness, increased temperature, shortness of breath, cough and pain in the chest area. Symptoms settle down the fact that originally helminths affecting the respiratory system.

Infection may occur when the consumption of raw water from untested sources, poorly processed fresh fruits and vegetables. In summer, the risk of damage rises.


Small helminths, who settle in the intestines, causing a disease called enterobiasis. The worms lay eggs in the area of the anal passage. Deferred eggs turn into larvae, and can once again get into the body only through the oral cavity.

Re-infection occurs due to contact of dirty hands with food, which he used. Symptoms of infection can be itching around the anus and increased irritability.

Important! A carrier of the disease is a person.


Infection occurs through broken skin in contact with the ground, where they live larvae of these species of worms. Data parasites before they get into the intestine, doing the same route as the roundworm.

Symptoms lesions may be cough, pain in the lower abdomen, nausea and violation of the chair. This type of helminthiasys can cause anemia.



Giardiasis is advancing in people who have the habit of nail biting and other items (pencils, pens). Infection can also occur in the case of the use of poor quality water, unwashed products, when in contact with dirty linen, where they could be larvae and it is a carrier of the disease.

The symptoms of the disease may be loose stools and abdominal pain.


trichocephalosis arises in the period of infection with worms whipworm. They fall in together the fragments of fruit and vegetables. Hands dirty and the water are also entered.

Invasion is accompanied by a sharp pain in the abdomen, diarrhea, decreased appetite. Often the symptoms of the infection are similar symptoms of appendicitis.

Bullish tapeworm

One of the most dangerous species of worms parasitic in the large intestine. The adult worm reaches several meters in length. The individual selects the human body all the nutrients and produces a strong intoxication.

Symptoms of infestation are:

  • diarrhea and pain in the abdomen;
  • vomiting and nausea;
  • restless sleep;
  • dizziness and fainting.

The risk of disease beef tapeworm infection occurs when consuming foods inadequately treated beef, infected larvae of bullish tapeworm.

Broad tapeworm

The cause of the difillobotrioz is eating poorly processed fish products and calves. The worm, which causes the disease is one of the most large and can reach up to ten meters. Symptoms of infections that cause severe pain in the abdomen and the emergence of anemia.

The pig tapeworm

Assault this kind of helminth very dangerous to humans. Eating pork, not the past sufficient heat treatment can become the cause of the fall into the body of the finn, that will become in adulthood the individual.

From the body of the pig tapeworm regularly are separated by the so-called segments, who are unable to leave their own body through the back passage, or with the feces, how to get into the environment. Taeniasis similar to the symptoms of the disease bovine tapeworm.

Liver Dens

Opisthorchiasis arises as a result of the intervention into the body of the larvae of the liver Fluke along with the infected fish.

Signs of the presence of opisthorchiasis:

  • nausea;
  • diarrhea;
  • aches throughout the body;
  • the emergence of allergies.

More severe symptoms are the chronic form. This kind of parasite is dangerous to the development of liver cancer.



The worm settles in the body, most commonly in the liver or in the lungs. Echinococcus can cause the education of cysts in the affected organ and the formation of tumors. The infection can be fatal. The larvae are transmitted to humans through contact with sick animals.


Exposed to them in the first place, people who ate foods bad processed meat of wild animals. A carrier of Trichinella can be even pigs. The habitat of adult worms in the human body are different kinds of muscles (breathing, facial, and so on).

In the early stage of occur nausea and loose stools. Other symptoms are a temperature, swelling, skin rashes, muscle pain. Assault this kind of parasites without timely treatment, can cause the deadly result.

Symptoms of the different kinds of worms

For the most part in the infestation of worms is going on organ failure of the digestive system and the violation of their work. Some types of worms have hooks, which they attach for the intestinal wall, tear her and secrete into the created pain products of his life and a special substance, which adversely affect the digestive tract and inducing the emergence in people such negative symptomatology, such as nausea, turning into vomiting, diarrhea or constipation, bloating and flatulence. Can occur and neurological symptoms, sleep disturbances, irritability, arising as a result of poisoning by toxic products of the vitality of all kinds of worms. The severity of these changes depends on the length of the parasitic diseases of man. For each variety of deworming is typical of its own clinical picture. In order to not make a mistake when determining the type of that struck the patient parasites, it is necessary more to consider, what are the symptoms of cause the most commonly occurring diseases:

  • For most of the roundworms is typical of the emergence of painful feelings, they do not have an accurate place of localization, the nausea and the vomiting of desire, disorders of the chair. This kind of worms, such as pinworms, hitting more children, raises the the emergence of severe itching in the rectal area. From the description of this class of parasites can be determined, for the clinical pictures, caused by them, the characteristics and the occurrence in humans, common symptoms, was expressed in toxicosis and allergy;
  • Assault people flat worms causing the appearance of them dysuric disorders. For the acute form of the disease is characterized by an increase in the size of the liver and spleen, and in the case of a change of this variety of worm infestations in the chronic phase, patients will appear clear symptoms of colitis;
  • Availability in the human body flukes-gill is characterized by liver disease – pancreatitis and hepatitis. Also provoke the emergence of symptoms associated with severe forms of neurological disorders.

What types of worms occur in children?

The most common in a child with worms, without special aids visible in calais, are ascaris and pinworms. These parasites bothers children most often. Knew caused by their symptoms, and the photos exactly how they look to their Mature individuals in the fecal among the masses, it is possible to timely know of their presence and warn of the emergence of permanent disorders in the human body.

In calais, the children may meet individual representatives of those species of worms, but also and the balls of parasitic worms. Their larvae may migrate with the flow of blood, damage when the walls of the lungs, bronchi and blood vessels the case of penetration on the pancreas and liver, which are able to cause pancreatitis, or hepatitis. For accurate diagnosis, children and adults should be the study of feces, which should be revealed by the presence in it of eggs of parasites. But it is quite difficult, because the process of reproduction in these species of worms is happening every day.

treatment of parasites

Species and worming

Universal methods of destruction of the parasites, to date there is. Approach to the treatment of worms in humans is always strictly individual. Possible drug therapy drugs, operative intervention, or the use of folk methods. The final tactics of treatment name of doctor after careful diagnosis and determine the type of parasitic worms. All of the therapeutic activity for the destruction of de-worming, both children and adults, must set apart only by an expert. Self in this case is strictly contraindicated. Therapy helminthiasys should be carried out gradually and comprehensively. It consists of the following steps:

  • The preparatory phase;
  • The destruction of the parasites;
  • The restoration of the impaired their function.

In the initial stage of the used sorbents, which will help in the binding and the derivation of the toxins emitted by different kinds of worms, and vegetable oils. Furthermore, it is necessary to start the intake of drug of drugs to destroy the parasites. Last but not least, patients are assigned enzymatic means designed for the purification of the organs of the digestive tract. Help to remove toxins, stop caused by certain types of worms the destruction of liver cells and accelerate the renewal of its structure.

In that case, if the presence of the parasites found in the child, to undergo therapeutic courses for exemption from them is necessary to all members of the family. This will help prevent the formation of the hearth of infection of any kind of worms due to the constant infect each other their eggs. Also in this situation, should strengthen the emphasis on the implementation of sanitary practices and observance of rules of personal hygiene. Only upon fulfilment of all the rules is possible in a short time to get rid of parasites and prevent further spread of infection.

Diagnosis helminthiasys

Tests on worming

Diagnosis helminthiasys is quite complicated and is based exclusively on a comprehensive examination of the person, for which he pays a different laboratory methods. All the survey methods for the identification of helminthiasys, are divided into three groups:

  • Morphological diagnosis (examination under a microscope pieces of tissue obtained during a biopsy or puncture of various organs);
  • Clinical, immunological and serological methods of diagnosis (ULTRASOUND of various organs, tomography, x-ray, blood test, urine, CANCER, ELISA, etc.);
  • Parasitological methods (they are the most instructive and valuable for the diagnosis of helminthiasys, because they allow to detect eggs, larvae or yourself deworming in various biological fluids, such as feces, urine, blood, gastric juice, bile, vomit mass, scrapings, intestinal mucus, etc.).

Morphological diagnostics is performed in rare cases only when he has a suspicion of helminthiasis, in which parasites can be in deep tissues, for example, cysticercosis, trichinosis and so on Clinical, immunological and serological methods are also used for the identification of de-worming, localized in the thicker of the internal organs (e.g. lung, liver, brain, etc.). In all other cases it is for the diagnosis of helminthiasys apply different methods that allow you to instantly set the kind of worm that caused the disease.

tests for parasites

When the primary massive links to the surveys for the detection of helminthiasys always pays Parasitological techniques, and only then, if there is suspicion of infection of the parasites, which are in the thicker of the internal organs, in addition, produce a morphological diagnosis or used in clinical, immunological and serological methods. Therefore, when suspicion of helminthiasis should first of all conduct a survey in a specialized laboratory.

For the prevention of helminthiasys it is necessary to carefully observe the rules of personal hygiene: make sure to wash your hands before ingesting food, after visiting the toilet or contact with animals, not eating unwashed fruits and vegetables, semi-finished products raw meat or fish products. Avoid drinking water from open water surfaces. Destroy flies and other insects, from eggs of worms.