People quite often encounter parasites, but it is not always possible to timely identify their presence in the human body. What are the symptoms of parasites in the body? There are a lot of them and they are often linked to signs of internal illnesses. How to understand what are the symptoms inherent in helminths and how to cure helminthic disease?

Paths of infection

The larvae of the worms first enter the intestine and are located there. Some types of helminths migrate from the intestines to other internal organs and are even found in places in the human body where it is sometimes very difficult to identify them. The reasons for the entry of parasites into the human body are varied, here are the most common:

  • a person may be infected due to poor hygiene;
  • due to poor quality heat treatment of contaminated meat and fishery products;
  • poorly washed fruit and vegetables;
  • by contaminated soil and water from open sources;
  • in contact with sick animals;
  • person-to-person, through infected personal effects;
  • An adult or a child is infected by the bite of a blood-sucking insect.

Main symptoms

From the gastrointestinal tract

The symptoms of the presence of parasites in the body are very varied. On the side of the digestive organs, they are manifested as follows:

  • there are frequent stomach and intestinal complaints - constipation or diarrhea;
  • increased gas production and dysbiosis;
  • symptoms of intoxication;
  • bloody discharge during urination and during defecation;
  • itching and burning of the colon, especially at night;
  • the occurrence of an allergic reaction to food, unprecedented before;
  • appetite disturbances - their complete absence or excessive consumption of food.

Signs of digestive tract worms may appear daily or periodically. It all depends on the number of parasites in the body of a child and an adult, where they are located and how long they stay in the body. If there are no visible causes or existing diseases that disrupt the work of the digestive organs, it is worth thinking about the presence of parasites in the intestines and, in case, undergo an examination.

On the side of the nervous system

Adult parasites and their larvae secrete toxic products, the effect of which negatively affects the work not only of internal organs, but also of the human nervous system. The more parasites have settled in the intestines, the more damage they cause to human health and the more characteristic the symptoms are. Manifestations of disorders of the nervous system and psyche:

  • irritability and anxiety;
  • chronic lack of sleep;
  • chills and fever;
  • dizziness and headache;
  • Children
  • are anxious and very brooding.

Allergic reactions

The presence of parasites in the body can cause the appearance of allergic reactions unheard of before. When infected with worms, allergies appear to foods, drinks or herbal medicines. The reaction manifests itself in the form of various red rashes all over the body, itching and itching of the affected areas. Allergies are accompanied by snot, severe cough, peeling, and dry skin.

Other symptoms

Symptoms of parasitic diseases, in addition to common manifestations, can spread to other organs, cause dysfunction and inflammatory processes. Symptoms of parasitic poisoning can be caused by the presence of a certain type of worm parasitizing the body. The name of the parasite and its characteristics:

  1. Towards schistosomes.Symptoms of schistosomiasis: rash in men, bad breath, intoxication of the body. The worms cause genitourinary infections, thrush (in women) and inflammation of the prostate (in men).
  2. Wide ribbon.The first signs of parasites: intestinal obstruction, anemia, pain in the legs and joints. Diphyllobothriasis causes persistent diarrhea and disturbance of the cardiovascular system.
  3. Parasites Cysticercus.Symptoms of infection: mental disorders that cause hallucinations. In addition, protruding moles appear on the body, which eventually turn into malignant formations.
  4. Ascaris.Other signs of parasites: allergic skin diseases, headache attacks. Roundworms cause anemia, migraines, and brain vascular problems.

Localization in the human body

Parasites in the human body choose any place of localization, suitable for the implementation of life. They can affect the human brain, genitals, bronchi, liver, nasopharynx. Often the intestines are the habitat of the worms. As a rule, children are infected with pinworms, while in adults, in addition to pinworms, the most common types of parasites parasitize: roundworms, cysticercus, broad tapeworm, schistosomes, lamblia.

How to know the presence of parasites in the human body?

Sometimes the presence of helminths in a person may be manifested by mild symptoms. How to check if parasites live in the human body? If most of the signs match, you need to be examined and find the cause. General signs of the presence of parasites in the human body:

  • severe itching and itching in the anal area (especially at night);
  • rash on different parts of the body;
  • headache attacks;
  • upset stomach and intestines;
  • weight loss without cause;
  • the appearance of swelling of the extremities;
  • periodic aching abdominal pain;
  • chronic fatigue and apathy towards everything;
  • kidney and muscle pain.

Diagnosis and treatment

If a child or adult shows any signs of parasitic infestation, it is urgent to contact an infectious disease specialist or parasitologist. The doctor will order the necessary tests and a course of examinations. Only after receiving the results of the diagnosis will there be an accurate definition of this problem. Spurious tests include:

  1. Analysis of faeces for the presence of worm larvae.
  2. Scratching for enterobiosis.
  3. Biochemical blood test.
  4. Radiography. It is carried out in the event that it is necessary to determine the place of localization of parasites.

Treatment of pests is carried out in stages and consists of the following methods:

  1. Anthelmintic treatment. The choice of drug to treat helminthic diseases depends on the type of parasite.
  2. Cleansing internal organs from worms using homeopathic remedies.
  3. Traditional methods of therapy have a detrimental effect on parasites, eliminate adults and their larvae from the body. Popular recipes include: antihistamines from medicinal plants, anthelmintic products (garlic, dill, pumpkin seeds).
  4. If necessary, use an ozone-oxygen mixture (local ozone treatment). It is used to destroy bacteria and viruses, relieves poisoning and has an immunomodulatory effect on the human body.
  5. Parasites that live in the human body and cause poisoning of the body require hospital treatment, in rare cases surgery.

Timely antiparasitic treatment will prevent negative health effects. Although a person is in the risk group for helminth infection, it is important to observe preventive measures, treat infections in time in order to protect themselves from re-infection and maintain health.