Symptoms and treatment of worms in children

Worms in children – with this problem must face up to virtually all parents. The parasites penetrate into the body in different ways, violate the work of the internal organs and systems, the products of their life provoke the development of intoxication and allergies.

Most often children are infected by various species of worms, the injection happens in violation of the rules of hygiene, through everyday objects. The incubation period is 3-6 weeks, during this time the number of parasites increases significantly, which leads to the formation of negative symptoms.


How does infection with worms:

  • eat dirty water, unwashed vegetables, fruits and berries;
  • contact with domestic and homeless animals;
  • flies, mosquitoes carry the eggs of parasites;
  • the game with the messy sand, countries;
  • infection with worms has become a focal way – eggs survive in the external environment (when the child takes a dirty subject, then touch the hands to the mouth, the parasites have penetrated into the digestive tract);
  • consume food without proper heat treatment;
  • intrauterine infection from the mother.

The main route of infection with worms – faecal-oral, the larvae penetrate into the body through dirty hands, food and water.

The first signs and symptoms of deworming

Manifestations of helminthiasis depends on the settlement of the parasites, often symptoms of worm infestation confused with the common cold, poison, intestinal infections, allergies.

  1. Roundworm of the stomach with the flow of blood to reach the liver, the lungs, after 3 weeks of moving back into the intestine.
  2. Pinworms crawling for the retention of eggs in the anal area, and therefore can live and in the genital organs.
  3. Some species of parasites attack the liver and pancreas.
  4. Some species of tapeworm penetrate into the tissues of the brain.

How to understand that the baby worms:

  • long-lasting constipation – arise due to the accumulation of parasites in the intestines;
  • a disorder of the chair – the worms produce a special enzyme that speeds up the process of digestion in man, is not digested food comes with a large amount of water;
  • bloating – when worm infestation bloating continues for a period of several months;
  • nausea, vomiting, increased salivation;
  • a decline or a sharp increase in appetite, weight, while, in each case reduced;
  • irritable bowel syndrome – on the background of a long worm, develop inflammatory processes in the organs of the digestive system;
  • Parasites
  • pain in the abdomen – often localized in the area of the navel or below the ribs on the right side;
  • anemia, beriberi – the worms absorb nutrients, preventing their normal absorption, the body suffers from a deficiency of vitamins and trace elements;
  • joint and muscle pain;
  • dermatological problems arise on the background of strong poisoning of the body the waste products of the deworming – papilloma, acne rash, urticaria, diathesis;
  • the deterioration of the condition of nails, hair;
  • cough, headache, other symptoms of colds, sinusitis, adenoids.

When worm infestation is changing and the emotional state of the child – it becomes whimsical, irritable, sleep disorders, in adolescents occur depressive states.

Symptoms of helminthiasis depending on the type of parasite

In addition to the general symptoms, some types of worms cause the emergence of specific symptoms.

In enterobiasis

When assault occurs an intense, unbearable itching in the anal area, which intensifies during sleep, what the child often wakes up, on the background of increased fatigue, worsening memory, reduced academic performance in school. Pathology is often accompanied by enuresis, with the girls developing inflammatory diseases of the organs of the reproductive system, when a strong attack is possible appendicitis.

Enterobiasis can provoke anal itching


Particularly intensively manifested in young children, against the assault of parasites, temperature rises up to 38 degrees, there is a dry cough with sputum orange color, sometimes there was an increase in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver. One of the main symptoms – the emergence of rashes on the skin of the legs and arms.

When opisthorchiasis

There has been a long-term increase in temperature at high levels, expressed allergic reactions, joint pain.


It is accompanied by a strong cough, shortness of breath, varied itching advanced acne, possible damage to the cornea of the eye.

If the child is often sick colds of the disease, the pathology of poorly amenable to drug treatment, is the possible cause of unpleasant symptoms is caused by contamination with worms. Accurately reveal the parasites will help diagnosis.

Examination for intestinal worms in children

The main method of diagnosis – analysis of the stool, and scraping, but this method allows you to recognize only a small amount of parasites, if the results are negative, but with a child present signs of helminthiasis, must undergo a more thorough examination.

Methods of research:

  • scratching the adhesive tape with anal folds – to the morning the child should not be washed, empty the intestines;
  • coprogram – analysis consist of three times at intervals of 5-7 days;
  • clinical analysis of blood – determine the number of eosinophils, the level of hemoglobin;
  • chest x-ray, examination of sputum – when you suspect the presence of parasites in the organs of the respiratory system;
  • MRI, CT, ULTRASOUND – you can see worming in the brain, the liver, the lungs.

Computed tomography allow you to clearly understand — is the helminths, or not

One of the most reliable methods of diagnosis of worm invasion – ELISA, in blood appear antibodies and antigens to the parasites, to determine the level of their concentration. The accuracy of the analysis – more than 95%, allows to identify the presence of any de-worming, regardless of the place of their localization. Find out the results is possible after 2-3 days.


The main advantage of this method – the detection of parasites is possible for several hours after infection, long before the manifestation of symptoms of helminthiasis.

Infants rarely suffer from worm invasion, a group of risk includes children aged 2-7 years. Breast children can become infected with parasites only from family members.

How to pull out the worms in the child's home?

In the detection of parasites in a child should immediately begin drug therapy to prevent the development of severe complications. As another method of treatment it is possible to use means of alternative medicine.

First aid

The best thing parents can do when they suspect the presence of parasites in a child – to visit an infectious disease or a pediatrician. No strong antiparasitic means to enjoy without the previous diagnosis is unnecessary and dangerous.

Pending receipt of the results of the analysis can be carried out only symptomatic treatment.

When vomiting, diarrhea no need to rush with the intake of drugs, the body is in this way trying to get rid of all unnecessary, just give your child more fluids to prevent dehydration.

Treatment medication

The basics of therapy in worm infestation consists of antiparasitic drugs, drugs are produced in form of tablets, suspensions, in the form of a rectal plug, which allows you to choose a safe and effective cure for a child of any age.

Other drugs for worm infestation:

  • sorbents accelerate the cleaning process of the organism, and restore the balance of intestinal microflora;
  • choleretic drugs prescribe in damage to the parasites of the liver, the gallbladder;
  • laxatives eliminate constipation, promote the elimination of parasites;
  • drugs to restore the function of the organs of the digestive system;
  • antihistamines means;
  • multivitamin complexes.

Because most of the drugs has no effect on the living eggs of parasites, taking drugs, maybe three times at an interval of 15-20 days. When the diagnosis of helminthiasis in the child, treatment is necessary to go through all the family members at the same time.

The fight with helminthiasis folk remedies

Methods of alternative medicine will help you cleanse the body, remove inflammatory processes, reduce the manifestations of intoxication, strengthen immunity. But only with the help of folk recipes completely get rid of the worms is difficult, and often impossible, a reasonable mixture with the intake of drugs.

Simple recipes home remedies:

  1. Pour 220 ml of boiling water, 20 g of linen seeds, leave for 30 minutes. Drink 100 ml before breakfast and dinner throughout the week.
  2. Pour 1 tbsp of chopped cauliflower chamomile 280 ml of boiling water, leave in a covered container until it has cooled down. The entire portion of the medication to drink during the day, continue therapy for 5 days. It is the safest tool for the recovery of the functions of the digestive system after helminths.
  3. Cooking 1 hr. l. the dry powder of wormwood 500 ml of boiling water, cool, strain. Put the child on 20 ml of the beverage three times a day 30 minutes before meals.
  4. Pour 1 liter of boiling water, 5 kg of fresh sorrel, simmer the mixture in a water bath for 2 hours, then drain. Take 2 throat before each meal.
  5. Clean the pomegranate is medium in size, finely chop the peel, pour 500 ml of water, simmer on low heat for 30 minutes. Strain, divided into 3 parts, put the child on the 1 portions every half an hour. Over 3 hours it is necessary to drink a laxative remedy.
Flax seeds

Most parasites, poorly survive in an acidic environment, in the treatment of worm infestation turned on in the menu of sour cabbage, the natural juice of sour berries and fruits. To speed up the cleaning process, boost your immunity will help you fresh carrot or juice from it. At the time of the therapy is to completely give up baked goods and fast carbs.

Prevention of worm infestations in children

To reduce the risk of helminthiasis, from the early years to teach a child to adhere to the basic rules of hygiene – frequently and thoroughly wash your hands after streets, visiting the toilet, before meals and contact with animals. Do not bring dirty hands to the face, pull the toes, objects to mouth.

Methods of prevention:

  • not to give the baby raw water, products without proper heat treatment;
  • all vegetables and fruits washed with warm water as possible, pour boiling water, heavily contaminated products can be soak for 7-15 minutes in soda solution;
  • on a walk to enjoy the spray and wipes with an antiseptic effect;
  • briefly cut the baby nails;
  • avoid swimming in freshwater tanks with standing water;
  • protect the food, shelter from the flies, there on the street;
  • handle the skin, clothes, equipment against mosquitoes;
  • regularly carry out antiparasitic processing pets.

Important! About the suitability of the use of drugs for the prevention of worm, the doctors constantly argue. Some experts recommend drinking medications to all children of preschool and younger school age twice a year, other pediatricians are against such methods, because the remedies against parasites toxic, it is impossible to predict when it will become infection.

Worms in children occur frequently, early diagnosis and treatment help to quickly eliminate the parasites. Drugs to combat parasites, it can be purchased in pharmacies without prescription, but self dangerous – poorly selected dose can become a cause of failure of the brain, nervous system, kidneys, liver.