Is there worms in humans: symptoms and major symptoms

The Prevalence of diseases associated with activity of the parasites, is large enough, and especially when it comes to some categories of the population. For example, for small children are typical most often pinworms, but hunters the dread trichinosis and various apni.

In addition, worms in humans, symptoms and clear clinical picture may trigger the development of secondary infection and disease. Therefore, for each person it is important to be able to timely recognise myself in such an uncomfortable "closeness" and ask for the help of an expert.

how does infection with worms

How does infection with worms?

In order to understand whether there are risks of infection by parasites and to correctly interpret the signs of the presence of worms, it is necessary to know the basic ways of being infected by them. In the human body is most often pathogenic micro-organisms come in the form of eggs, which after some time they hatch.

Today, doctors presuppose the 4 basic ways of infestation with worms at the source:

  1. Geo helminthiasis. In this case it is about hitting the eggs through contaminated soil and water, which contain many of the immature larvae. They get into the ground and water along with the feces of diseased animals, and also by the transfer of insects. Flies are frequent carriers helminthiasys, the transport of egg products for human consumption.
  2. Pin. To become the object of parasitism, you just need to have contact with already infected person.
  3. Bio helminthiasis. Transfer of the pest occurs by ingestion of improperly prepared meat of cows or pigs, fish with inadequate heat treatment (sushi, kebabs, beef and smoked fish, lard from the meat strips, etc.).
  4. There is a separate kind of pests that get inside the human body through the bite of infected insects.

The mechanism for receiving the causative agent of the disease into the organism of a person – administered orally-fecal. According to statistics, the most typical source, they become pets, soil, dirty water. Enough work in the garden and it is not enough to clean your hands and nails from the remnants of the land to become the subject of the parasitism of pathogenic microorganisms. The main enemies of diseases – sanitation and personal hygiene.

On what first of all pay attention?

It is very important in situations when a person the worms, be able to recognize what the symptoms are saying about this disease and in time to seek a doctor's advice. Experts advise to carry out preventive measures to avoid infection to the children who attend the kindergarten, and also to the families, which in the house to keep the pets.

Pay special attention to the need to the primary symptoms of worms in humans, symptoms manifest themselves a little later, there are times a longer asymptomatic development of invasion. During the assault the man will be to observe the intestinal disorders in the form of discomfort, swelling, flatulence, liquid stools and constipation, nausea and general malaise. Do not underestimate the situation, these manifestations require the implementation of the survey. Often the disease parasites can be identified visually on the Kala, in which sooner or later will be individuals.

Important! In most cases after the infection of the ova of parasites, one does not pay attention to the primary symptoms of this disease, the perception of the cause of the current dysbiosis. Able to distinguish these two diseases, it is necessary to understand, whether they were previous conditions for contact with the pests inside the body. If there are, with the aim of the measure and prevention is necessary to pass the tests for diagnosis.

worms in the body

The main symptoms of worms in adult human

Almost all kinds of diseases indicate a manifestation of a number of distinctive characters, of which one alone before the trip to the doctor can recognize the disease. The first symptoms of worms, too it is possible to determine in advance, after which a man embarks on a diagnosis.

The characteristic symptoms of infection with worms:

  • allergies in the form of rashes on the skin – urticaria, eczematous patches, papilloma, boils, acne;
  • long lasting cough, which is not healed by special medicine from him, and even with antibiotics;
  • inflammatory processes of the upper respiratory tract – pneumonia, rhinitis (if strongyloidiasis or ascariasis);
  • poor patency of the intestines, constipation (intense invasion) or loose stools and bloating (if tape worms are long and large);
  • decreased immunity, frequent SARS;
  • indigestion, nervousness;
  • because of the excitability of the nervous system there has been gnashing of teeth;
  • the blood is poisoned by the products of life of the parasites, what causes depression;
  • while carrying individuals felt pain in tissues and joints.

Attention! In the presence of at least two of the symptoms helminthiasya there all risks confirmation of this diagnosis, so a person needs as soon as possible request the assistance of the medic.

The characteristic features of manifestations of the pests may be in some places of their localization.

If the worms in the liver:

  • pale skin due to the development of anemia;
  • rapid weight loss;
  • unhealthy appearance of a person;
  • a fever condition;
  • aches throughout the body;
  • rash in the form of urticaria;
  • a feeling of enlargement of the liver;
  • frequent nausea and bouts of vomiting;
  • loss of appetite;
  • loose stools.

Symptoms of worms in people in the intestine:

  • allergic reactions;
  • the increase in the number of eosinophils in the blood;
  • pain in the muscles and joints;
  • itching, swelling;
  • a fever condition;
  • weakened immunity and the development of other diseases of the digestive system.

If the worms in the lungs in man:

worms in the lungs
  • fatigue, nausea and weakness;
  • a sharp increase in body temperature;
  • shortness of breath and severe bouts of shortness of breath;
  • bouts of coughing, more frequently in the morning, sputum production;
  • in the area of the chest armor and the feelings of pain;
  • frequent nausea and bouts of vomiting;
  • the intense pain of the head;
  • visual disturbances;
  • the symptoms of toxicity and loss of appetite;
  • of an allergic reaction.

If pests in the eyes:

  • swelling of the eye similar to cooking;
  • feeling of movements in the eye area;
  • conjunctivitis;
  • a long winding lines on the skin;
  • granuloma.

If worms in your brain:

  • frequent pain in the neck and temples;
  • the ongoing depression;
  • the headaches are accompanied by nausea, vomiting;
  • insomnia;
  • during the drinking of alcoholic beverages, severe headache;
  • nervous breakdown;
  • the sudden failure of the organs of vision.

Thanks to the clinical picture of an expert will be able to accurately determine not only the type of parasites, but also the place of their localization, the presence of complications and consequences.

What tests need to pass?

Today, each clinic includes a variety of standard and new methods of diagnosis helminthiasys, but the most common of them believe the following tests:

  • Analysis of the stool for eggs, although during the day they collect fecal masses in a special container, before performing the manipulation of the person should wash with soap and water.
  • Scraping, simple way to detect the pest, when in the morning a piece of adhesive tape are glued together with anal hole, further it unstuck and is placed in a container.
  • Fence of a material, which is done with the help of cotton sticks. Usually discover the larvae, enough to hold the chopsticks in the rectal area.
  • Analysis of blood, thanks to which it is possible to detect non-standard types of invasion. The selection of the tests prescribe by the attending physician.

The latest technique of detection of such diseases – ELISA, when in the blood appear proteins, antibodies, which are manifested due to the presence of the causative agent of the disease. For this protein, the expert can determine the duration and intensity of the assault.

To what doctors to go for treatment?

treatment of worms

For able in time to recognize the presence of pathogenic micro-organisms, determine their type, number and establish an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to know what kind of specialist deals with data disease. Commonly in the clinic is a physician-infectious diseases or Parasitology, the competence of which are the rights of treatment, and other parasitic diseases.

If the primary disease causing serious consequences, pathology and disruption of the work of the internal organs, a person can direct to further narrow specialists – a gastroenterologist, an ophthalmologist, Laura, cardiologist, neurologist or surgeon.

How to avoid infection?

To become the owner of this or that parasite, it is important to adhere to simple measures:

  • wash your hands after walking, visiting the toilet, gardening, contact with pets, before eating;
  • thoroughly rinse the food and do the therapy against parasites;
  • carefully fry the meat and fish, we adhere to the standards, the thermal processing;
  • observe the rules of hygiene and personal care.

Important! Common carriers of infections are low-quality food, therefore, doctors advise to buy products with quality certificates in the trusted stores.